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  2. Week 8 Value, significance and importance: why these matter 37 items
    Following a welcome to the course and briefing about what it involves, SMF will introduce the topic with a participatory presentation that introduces the key concepts of value, significance and importance, and why a critical understanding in these is core to the theory and practice of heritage. The class will then use the example of formal designations to begin to consider some of the applications and implications of this in a heritage context (see Preparation). Plans will be made for the fieldtrip in Week 10.
    1. In addition to the Starter reading, 1 item
      familiarise yourself with Historic Environment Scotland’s Policy Statement June 2016 in relation to designation (Chapters 1 and 2), particularly the criteria used for the different forms of designation (see Annexes 1-
      1. Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement June 2016

        Webpage Recommended You will find it useful to have copies of these criteria to hand during the seminar, when we will be considering questions including the following. What sorts of values do these criteria use? What sorts of values are not being considered? How do you think such values are being assessed in practice? What sorts of things might fall through the gaps, or pose particular issues?

    2. Please also take a look at the recently published HISTORIC ENVIRONMENT SCOTLAND, 2017. 1 item
      What's Your Heritage? Past, Places and Traditions. Available at:
    3. Starter reading 5 items
      1. Values in cultural resource management, IN: Heritage values in contemporary society - K. Clark

        Chapter Essential Digitised under the CLA Digitisation Licence therefore only available to students on module ENHPP31

      2. Conserving and managing ancient monuments: heritage, democracy, and inclusion - Keith Emerick 2014 (electronic resource)

        Book Essential Read : pp. 1-12 (Introduction).

      3. The Heritage reader (2008.)

        Book Essential MASON, R., 2008. Assessing values in conservation planning: methodological issues and choices, pp. 99-124. [This is the same as Chapter 1 inhttp://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/pdf_publications/pdf/assessing.pdf]

      4. The Heritage reader - G. J. Fairclough 2008

        Book Essential Read : SCHOFIELD, J., 2008. Heritage management, theory and practice. pp. 15-30.

    4. Follow-up reading 30 items
      1. Archaeological resource management in the UK: an introduction - John Hunter, Ian Ralston 2006

        Book Recommended Read: BREEZE, D.J., 2006. Ancient Monuments Legislation. pp 57-68.

      2. Heritage Protection Reform Implementation - Strategic Designation. Review of Past and Present Thematic Programmes. - M. Cherry, G. Chitty 2009

        Document Recommended Unpublished report for English Heritage. - Currently unavailbable

      3. Heritage values in site management: four case studies - Getty Conservation Institute c2005

        Book Recommended Read : pp. 1-9.

      4. Archaeological resource management in the UK: an introduction - John Hunter, Ian Ralston 2006

        Book Recommended Read: FOLEY, C., 2006. Legislation in Northern Ireland. pp 177-178

      5. Future thinking on carved stones in Scotland: a research framework 2016

        Webpage Recommended FOSTER, S., FORSYTH, K., BUCKHAM, S. and JEFFREY, S., Sections 1 and 4.

      6. Assessing site significance: a guide for archaeologists and historians - Donald L. Hardesty, Barbara J. Little 2009 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended

      7. Assessing site significance: a guide for archaeologists and historians - Donald L. Hardesty, Barbara J. Little, ebrary, Inc 2009 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended

      8. Understanding the politics of heritage - Rodney Harrison 2010

        Book Recommended Read: What is heritage?, pp. 5-42.

      9. Understanding the politics of heritage - Rodney Harrison 2010

        Book Recommended Read: LAURENCE, A., Heritage as a tool of government. pp. 81-114.

      10. Approaches to the archaeological heritage: a comparative study of world cultural resource management systems - Henry Cleere c1984

        Book Recommended Read: LIPE, W.D. Value and meaning in cultural resources. p.1-11.

      11. Archaeological resource management in the UK: an introduction - John Hunter, Ian Ralston 2006

        Book Recommended Read: LUCAS, G., 2006. Changing configurations: the relationship between theory and practice, pp. 15-22.

      12. Understanding heritage in practice - Susie West c2010

        Book Recommended Read: OTERO-PAILOS, J., GAIGER, J. and WEST, S., Heritage values. pp. 47-87.

      13. Listing archaeological sites: protecting the historical landscape - Peter A. C. Schut, Peter A. C. Schut, Europae Archaeologiae Consilium 2009

        Book Recommended

      14. Managing cultural landscapes - Ken Taylor, Jane Lennon 2012 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended Read: TAYLOR, K., 2012. Landscape and meaning: context for a global discourse on cultural landscapes values. pp 21-44

      15. Managing built heritage: the role of cultural values and significance - Stephen Bond, Derek Worthing 2016

        Book Recommended chapters 1-3.

      16. Historic England

        Website Recommended In general, for this and later seminars, you will find useful content in English Heritage Conservation Bulletins. These are all online - https://historicengland.org.uk/images-books/periodicals/conservation-bulletin/. Note: English Heritage has become Historic England.

  3. Week 9 Historic practice, past values, current legacies 27 items
    In this seminar we will focus on developing a critical understanding of how attitudes and practices in relation to understanding the value, significance and authenticity of the historic environment have changed with time, and what the present-day legacies of these might be. In our discussion following the participatory presentation, we will explore and critique Laurajane Smith’s concept of ‘Authorised Heritage Discourse’, and reflect on changing perspectives on authenticity, picking up on what you already learnt in ENHPP30. We will rehearse the requirements of the oral assessment and subsequent written briefing.
    1. Starter reading 4 items
      1. Conserving and managing ancient monuments: heritage, democracy, and inclusion - Keith Emerick 2014 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended Read: pp. 13—27; 29-69; 71-114 [Chapter 1: The Restoration of Hellifield Peel; Chapter 2: The Origin of the Conservation of Ancient Monuments and Chapter 3: Practice Perfected]

      2. OR 1 item
      3. And 2 items
        1. The Oxford handbook of public archaeology - Robin Skeates, Carol McDavid, John Carman 2012

          Book Recommended SMITH, L. and WATERTON, E., 2012. Constrained by commonsense: the Authorized Heritage Discourse in contemporary debates. pp. 153-171.

    2. Further reading 23 items
      1. Scotland's castles: rescued, rebuilt and reoccupied - Janet Brennan-Inglis 2014

        Book Recommended

      2. The Invention of the Historic Monument - Françoise Choay April 23, 2001 (Hardcover)

        Book Recommended Currently unavailable

      3. Scotland's castle culture - A. Dakin, Miles Glendinning, Aonghus MacKechnie 2011

        Book Recommended

      4. A world history of nineteenth-century archaeology: nationalism, colonialism, and the past - Margarita Díaz-Andreu García, ebrary, Inc 2007 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended

      5. Renewed life for Scottish castles - Richard Fawcett, Allan Rutherford 2011

        Book Recommended

      6. Writing Britain's ruins 2017

        Book Recommended Read: FOSTER, S.M., 2017. Icolmkill: the ruins of Iona, pp. 158-161.

      7. The Ashgate research companion to heritage and identity - B. J. Graham, Peter Howard c2008 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended

      8. Echoes in stone: 100 years of ancient monuments in Scotland - Magnus Magnusson, Ancient Monuments Board for Scotland 1983

        Book Recommended

      9. Uses of heritage - Laurajane Smith 2006 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended pp. 11-43 (Chapter 1: The Discourse of Heritage)

      10. The Heritage reader (2008.)

        Book Recommended Read: SMITH, L., 2008. Towards a theoretical framework for archaeological heritage management. pp. 62-74.

      11. Scotland's castle culture - A. Dakin, Miles Glendinning, Aonghus MacKechnie 2011

        Book Recommended Read: WALKER, D., 2011. Radical restorations of the late twentieth century. Recollections from the front line. pp. 173-186.

      12. Scotland's castle culture - A. Dakin, Miles Glendinning, Aonghus MacKechnie 2011

        Book Recommended Read: WATTERS, D., 2011. Castle reoccupation and conservation in the twentieth century. pp. 143-172.

  4. Week 10 All-day fieldtrip to Stirling 79 items
    Stirling: a world-class historic environment?
    1. Reading: 79 items
      1. This fieldtrip involves a visit to Stirling Castle and Old Town. Historic Environment Scotland's recent major projects at Stirling Castle, particularly works to its Great Hall and Royal Apartments, provide the opportunity to explore each and every of this module's ILOs, while the range of types of historic environment in the town, and the changes to this through time, offer the opportunity to explore these themes too.

      2. General introductions to the area, including aspects of Stirling, include: 3 items
        1. Stirling and Central Scotland - John Gifford, Frank Arneil Walker, Richard Fawcett, uthor (2002.)

          Book Recommended

        2. Glasgow, Clydeside and Stirling - Jack Stevenson, Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland 1995

          Book Recommended

      3. In terms of greater understanding and getting 'behind' the works at Stirling Castle, begin with: 5 items
        1. Stirling Castle: the restoration of the Great Hall - Richard Fawcett, Historic Scotland, Council for British Archaeology 2001

          Book Recommended

        2. Stirling Castle - Richard Fawcett, C. J. Tabraham, Historic Scotland 1999

          Book Recommended

        3. Renewed life for Scottish castles - Richard Fawcett, Allan Rutherford 2011

          Book Recommended

        4. Rebirth of a palace: the royal court at Stirling Castle - J. G. Harrison, Historic Scotland 2011

          Book Recommended

      4. Other sources in relation to Stirling Castle's history and recent research include: 13 items
        1. The 'Great Temple of Solomon' at Stirling Castle - IAN CAMPBELL and AONGHUS MACKECHNIE 2011

          Article Recommended

        2. Stirling Castle in art - H. J. Crawford 1934-1935

          Article Recommended

        3. Bede's Urbs Guidi: Stirling or Cramond? - K Jackson 1981

          Article Recommended Currently unavailable

        4. The castle and palace of Stirling. - Jenny Wormald 05/2000

          Article Recommended

      5. Stirling-focussed publications excluding guidebooks include: 41 items
        1. Industries of Stirling and district - Stirling Observer 1998

          Book Recommended

        2. Scotland's lost gardens: from the garden of Eden to the Stewart Palaces - Marilyn Brown, Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland 2015

          Book Recommended

        3. Burning questions: new insights into vitrified forts - Murray Cook, Fiona Watson, Gordon Cook

          Chapter Recommended

        4. Scottish urban history - George Gordon, Brian Dicks 1983

          Book Recommended Read: FOX, R.C., 1983. Stirling 1550-1700: the morphology and functions of a pre-industrial Scottish burgh. pp. 52-70.

        5. Historic Stirling: the archaeological implications of development - Robert Gourlay, Anne Turner, Great Britain. Dept. of the Environment. Ancient Monuments Division 1978

          Book Recommended

        6. The royal court and the community of Stirling to 1603 - J. G. Harrion 2007a

          Article Recommended Print

        7. Building Cowane's Hospital, Stirling, 1636-50 - John G. Harrison 2010

          Book Recommended

        8. The kirkyard and cemeteries beside Stirling Castle - J. G. Harrison 2010

          Article Recommended Print

        9. Stirling Castle, the army and the town - J. G. Harrison 2011

          Article Recommended Print

        10. Houses in Broad Street, Stirling - J. Hume 2015

          Article Recommended Currently unavailable

        11. Old Stirling - Elspeth King (2009.)

          Book Recommended

        12. Stirling's talking stones - John Paterson, Stirling (Scotland : District) Libraries 2002

          Book Recommended

        13. An early historic fort on the Abbey Craig. - L. Main 2006

          Article Recommended Print

        14. Stirling: the Royal burgh - Craig Mair 1995

          Book Recommended

        15. The archaeology of the historic medieval burgh of Stirling. - O Owen, L Main, D Gallacher, Scottish Burgh Survey working Group 1986

          Book Recommended Currently unavailable

        16. Blackfriars of Stirling - Ronald Page, Catherine Page 1996

          Article Recommended

        17. Stirlingshire: an inventory of the ancient monuments - Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland 1963

          Book Recommended In 2 volumes

        18. Landmarks of old Stirling - James Ronald 1899

          Book Recommended

        19. Ancient Scottish architecture "Old Stirling" - John William Small 1898

          Book Recommended

        20. [Note: the historian John G Harrison has written extensively on Stirling and the area. 1 item
          See his website:
        21. There are also numerous smaller papers in the Forth Naturalist and Historian which has placed its back 24 catalogue online: 1 item
      6. For wider context, starter reading includes: 16 items
        1. Scottish abbeys and priories - Richard Fawcett 1994

          Book Recommended

        2. A history of Scottish architecture: from the Renaissance to the present day - Miles Glendinning, Ranald MacInnes, Aonghus MacKechnie, Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland 1996

          Book Recommended

        3. The Scottish medieval town - Michael Lynch, Michael Spearman, Geoffrey Stell c1988

          Book Recommended

        4. The ecclesiastical architecture of Scotland: from the earliest Christian times to the seventeenth century - David MacGibbon, Thomas Ross, Thomas Ross 97/1896

          Book Recommended in 3 volumes

        5. The Scottish Mercat Cross. An historic burgh icon - L. J. Thomson Nov/Dec 2004

          Article Recommended Print

        6. Understanding Scottish graveyards: an interpretative approach - Betty Willsher, Council for Scottish Archaeology, Council for British Archaeology Scotland c[1985

          Book Recommended

        7. Pilgrimage in medieval Scotland - Peter Yeoman 1999

          Book Recommended

  5. Week 11 Recent challenges: social value, authenticity and intangibility 37 items
    In this seminar we will examine some of recent challenges to authorized heritage and conservation discourses, specifically those surrounding intangibility, social value and new approaches to authenticity. We will discuss how heritage charters, conventions and policies have been adapted in an attempt to accommodate these challenges, as well as how they have been addressed in practice. Ongoing debates and controversies will be dissected using case examples, including challenges to expert knowledge and forms of practice. You may find it useful to consult the following heritage instruments: the Burra Charter, the World Heritage Convention, the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, and English Heritage’s Conservation Principles (see web links below).
    1. Starter readings 6 items
      1. Heritage: critical approaches - Rodney Harrison 2013 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended Read: pp. 114-139. [Chapter 6: Intangible Heritage and Cultural Landscapes].

      2. Early medieval sculpture and the production of meaning, value and place - Sian Jones 2004

        Document Recommended pp. 41-60. [Chapter 5: Economic and Social Value and Chapter 6: Contested Terrain]

      3. Intangible heritage - Laurajane Smith, Natsuko Akagawa 2008 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended Read: SMITH, L. and E. WATERTON. 2009. ‘The envy of the world?’ Intangible heritage in England. pp. 289-301

    2. Online resources for the session include. 5 items
    3. Follow-up reading: 26 items
      1. Social significance: a discussion paper - Helen Byrne, Helen Brayshaw, tracy Ireland 2003

        Document Recommended

      2. Taking archaeology out of heritage 2009

        Book Recommended Read: CARMAN, J. 2009. Where the value lies: the importance of materiality to the immaterial aspects of heritage. pp. 192-208

      3. Preserving what is valued: museums, conservation, and First Nations - Miriam Clavir, ebrary, Inc c2002 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended

      4. Valuing historic environments - Lisanne Gibson, John R. Pendlebury, ebrary, Inc c2009 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended

      5. Local heritage, global context: cultural perspectives on sense of place c[2011

        Book Recommended Read: HARRISON, R. 2011. “Counter-Mapping” Heritage, Communities and Places in Australia and the UK. pp. 79-98.

      6. Age as artefact: on archaeological authenticity - Cornelius Holtorf 1999

        Article Recommended

      7. On pastness: a reconsideration of materiality in archaeological object authenticity - Cornelius Holtorf Spring 2013

        Article Recommended Currently unavailable

      8. What is Social Value? - Chris Johnston 1992

        Document Recommended

      9. A future for archaeology: the past in the present - Peter J. Ucko, Robert Layton, Stephen Shennan, Peter G. Stone 2007

        Book Recommended Read: JONES, S. 2006. ‘They made it a living thing didn’t they …’: the growth of things and the fossilisation of heritage. pp.107-126.

      10. Assessing the values of cultural heritage: research report - Mart de la Torre 2002

        Document Recommended Read: LOW, S.M., 2002. Anthropological-ethnographic methods for the assessment of cultural values in heritage conservation. pp. 31-49.

      11. Memorylands: heritage and identity in Europe today - Sharon Macdonald 2013 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended [especially Chapter 5 ‘Selling the past: commodification, authenticity and heritage]

      12. Who needs experts?: counter-mapping cultural heritage - John Schofield 2014 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended

      13. Valuing historic environments - Lisanne Gibson, John R. Pendlebury, ebrary, Inc c2009 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended Read: SMITH, L. 2009. Deference and humility: the social values of the country house. In L. Gibson and J. PENDLEBURY (eds) Valuing Historic Environments. Pp. 33-50.

      14. Intangible heritage - Laurajane Smith, Natsuko Akagawa 2008 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended

  6. Week 12 Significance in practice 23 items
    This seminar explores how the concepts of value, significance, and importance play out in current conservation and management practice. After a participatory seminar and follow-up discussion, the class will divide into groups to consider their responses to proposed change in specific cases, details of which will be supplied on the day. The class will conclude with discussion of their responses and analysis of the rationale for these decisions from the perspective of values-based approaches to managing change. Students are welcome to bring their laptops to this session to help research their exercises.
    1. Preparation 1 item
      1.  

        In addition to the Starter reading, familiarise yourselves with Historic Environment Scotland's Policy Statement June 2016 in relation to consents and advice

        (Chapter 3)https://www.historicenvironment.scot/archives-and-research/publications/publication/?publicationId=f413711b-bb7b-4a8d-a3e8-a619008ca8b5

        and English Heritage Conservation Principles  https://www.english-heritage.org.uk/professional/advice/conservation-principles/.

        Come prepared to discuss the drivers and merits of the Historic Scotland's Scottish Castle Initiative http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/scottishcastleinitiative.

         See also HISTORIC ENVIRONMENT SCOTLAND, 2017. Managing Change in the Historic Environment: Castles and Towerhouses. Available at https://www.historicenvironment.scot/archives-and-research/publications/publication/?publicationId=af153f40-493e-46af-9a01-a79101208de9. Edinburgh: Historic Environment Scotland.

    2. Starter reading 3 items
      1. On archaeological value - Martin Carver 1996

        Article Recommended Digitised under the CLA Digitisation Licence therefore only available to students on module ENHPP31

      2. Conserving and managing ancient monuments: heritage, democracy, and inclusion - Keith Emerick 2014 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended Read : p. 149-188 [Chapter 5, 6 and 7: Current Directions in England, Putting Theory into Practice, Conclusions].

    3. Follow-up reading 19 items
      1. Heritage values in site management: four case studies - Getty Conservation Institute c2005

        Book Recommended 10-12, 20-56 (case study), 217-227.

      2. Management planning for archaeological sites: an international workshop organized by the Getty Conservation Institute and Loyola Marymount University, 19-22 May 2000, Corinth, Greece - Jeanne Marie Teutonico, Gaetano Palumbo, Getty Conservation Institute, Loyola Marymount University c2002

        Book Recommended Read: DEMAS, M., 2000. Planning for conservation and management of archaeological sites: a values-based approach, pp. 27-54.

      3. The Heritage reader - G. J. Fairclough 2008

        Book Recommended Read : ENGLISH HERITAGE, 2008. Sustaining the historic environment: new perspectives on the future. pp. 313-321.

      4. Conserving and managing ancient monuments: heritage, democracy, and inclusion - Keith Emerick 2014 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended Read: pp. 189-217. [Chapter 6: Putting theory into Practice.]

      5. The Heritage reader (2008.)

        Book Recommended Read: FAIRCLOUGH, G., 2008. New heritage, an introductory essay - people, landscape and change. pp. 297-312.

      6. The Heritage reader - G. J. Fairclough 2008

        Book Recommended Read : HOLTORF, C., 2008. Is the past a non-renewable resource? pp. 125-133.

      7. The Heritage Reader - G. Fairclough August 1, 2007

        Book Recommended Read : SAMUEL, R., 2008. Politics. pp. 274-293.

      8. The Heritage reader - G. J. Fairclough 2008

        Book Recommended Read : STOCKER, D., 2008. Explaining LARA: the Lincoln Archaeological Research Assessment in its policy context. pp. 340-345.

      9. Managing built heritage: the role of cultural values and significance - Stephen Bond, Derek Worthing 2016 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended Read : Chapters 4-6

  7. Freedom Bound: Escaping slavery in Scotland - Warren Pleece, Shazleen M. Khan, Robin Jones, Simon P. Newman 2018

    Book 

  8. BEYOND the READING LIST 1 item
    You are expected to read widely beyond this resource list. Make a start with your subject research guide
    1. Try the subject research guide for the most appropriate resources for your topic.